You See Them Everywhere Yet Still Don’t Understand Them..
“BCAAs” is simply an abbreviation for branched-chain amino acids. These ambitious little bast*ards help build muscle tissue and positively affect muscle growth like no other. Essential branched chain amino acids include leucine, isoleucine and valine. Each of these amino acids is essential.
WHAT DOES “ESSENTIAL” EVEN MEAN?
“Bro, aren’t all my supplements essential?” Well, not technically speaking no. Essential means these acids are not produced naturally in your body. Thus, in order to build muscle like a beast you’ll need top up on your essentials through food intake and/or supplementation.
Your body can’t make this stuff itself so that’s why diet is so important when trying to build muscle, which is composed largely of BCAAs.
Chemical Composition & Role In Protein Synthesis
The chemical composition is arranged so that each amino acid also has branches, which is how they got their name. All amino acids play an important part in providing protein to the body.
Each amino acid performs a specific function in the production of protein and provides proteins to different parts of the body. These essential acids are critical in muscle development as they provide approximately one-third of the nutrients that muscles use during synthesis.
So long story short, BCAAs are pretty important and you need them if you’re skinny and want to get bigger.
When Is The Best Time To Drink Your Aminos?
BCAAs don’t f*ck around and are absorbed directly into the muscle where most other amino acids lollygag about and are eventually metabolized in the liver.
Absorbing directly into the muscle provides immediate energy to the muscles themselves for the contractions necessary in lifting weights and other athletic performances. Baller!
As everyone and their grandma knows, endurance and high-intensity training can cause early fatigue; branch chains taken just prior to training can help prevent early muscle fatigue.
Because immediate nutrition to the muscles is provided amino acids, less energy stores in the body are used during training so recovery time is less, and energy levels recover more quickly. Performance athlete will be able to train the next day for the same amount of time and intensity.
If you are working out early in the morning before work or school and don’t have time for a fully loaded breakfast then at least supplement with a solid essential amino acid before training so that your muscles feed off the aminos and don’t consume the muscle you’ve already worked hard to get for energy.
SY loves Amino Energy by Optimum Nutrition for our early morning eye-opener. Perfect blend of amino acids and caffeine from green tea and green coffee beans, so it’s health as f*ck and tastes delicious.
Don’t worry about taking aminos after working out as you’ll already be supplementing with a healthy dosing (20-50gm) of protein anyway and protein is composed of branched-chain acids anyways. So taking a BCAA supplement post-workout with protein is redundant.
If you’re not sure which blend and what company is best then check out our own top 3 caffeine-free BCAA choices to help you with your decision making!
Best Selling BCAA Supplements of 2018
When it comes to trying to make a decision on BCAAs the dazzling variety of products on the market can be confusing.
While we have had good experience with Optimum Nutrition, Mutant and Xtends, there are plenty of other awesome choices on the market.
One solid tip for choosing supplements is to go with something that has a lot of positive reviews.
The sheer number of users and ratings provides a bit of insurance that your purchase will be worth the money rather than spending on a more unknown company.
Below are some of the best BCAA supplements available on popular sites like Amazon.com and Bodybuilding.com, which we always recommend over stores like GNC or Vitashoppe because they always have extra markups on their products.
Unsurprising to us, Xtends is topping the list regularly as the best selling amino-focused intra-workout supplement.
We think this is because they are:
- They provide excellent quality assurance
- They are the original BCAA workout extending supplement created by Marc Lobliner and
- They are just plain affordable when compared to many other brands out there. Can’t go wrong with Xtends!
- 2:1:1 ratio of Leucine to Isoleucine and Valine
- Easy to swallow capsules
- Supports muscle building and exercise recovery
- Recommended : First thing in the morning and/or during the 30 minutes just before or immediately after training. Simply take 2 capsules with your favourite beverage, or with your ON protein shake.
- Easy to Mix Anytime Energy Powder with Amino Acids.*
- 1 serving provides 160 mg of caffeine from natural sources (from Green Tea and/or Coffee Bean) to help deliver Focus and Energy any time of Day.* Whether you need an afternoon pick me up or something to use in the morning.
- Control the intensity of the product by dialing up or down the number of scoops to fit your needs. Be mindful of your caffeine intake throughout the day and don’t use more than 10 scoops per day.
- 5 Grams of Free Form Amino Acids per serving.
- 5 to 10 Calories & 0 Grams Sugar.
- BCAA5000 supports muscle repair, lean mass, endurance, protein synthesis and boost recovery
- Make Recovering enjoyable with a mouth watering taste with a handful of flavors to choose from
- BCAA5000 has 5 grams of premium BCAAs to provide you with a Proven 2:1:1 Ratio to give your muscles the recovery they need to be ready for the next training session
- Easy mixing capabilities simple toss in a shaker or stir with a spoon.
How Aminos Impact Testosterone Levels & Muscle Building
Anabolic hormones increase muscle growth and studies have shown that BCAAs help the body to release anabolic hormones in the form of testosterone. Don’t think branch chains are a testosterone “booster”, they just help facilitate the natural production of testosterone.
Anyone who’s gone on a hardcore cutting diet after a bulk knows that dieting can cause muscle loss.
BCAAs can help prevent muscle loss when the individual is on a fat reduced diet. They are not a substitute for food protein, so it is important to eat enough food protein daily, however they will help you retain your muscle when in a serious cutting phase.
What Does 4:1:1 or 3:1:1 mean?
Perfect dosage amounts for the average male bodybuilder is usually 5 grams and above, depending on bodyweight, and is usually comprised of a 4:1:1 ratio or a 3:1:1 ratio for maximum protein synthesis.
Correct use of branch chains over the short-term will keep muscles strong and force your body to use up excess body fat. They also provide protein injection directly into the muscles without having to wait for the digestive process to occur. In summary, aminos are a pretty dope chemical.
Pitfalls of Amino Acid Deficiencies
You might not be aware that BCAAs have been used in aiding burn victims in recovery to help with toxin regulation and muscle/tissue synthesis.
Not having enough essential aminos in the body can cause toxins in the blood and urine to accumulate and build up, making for a syrupy consistency and nasty urea smell.
Severe deficiencies can cause individuals to become delirious and cause permanent nerve damage. If you have a regular diet and aren’t a burn victim you don’t have to worry about this.
However, toxicity build-up is very dangerous possibility so performance athletes should provide their bodies with supplemental essential aminos to aid in replacement of the extra amino acids they deplete through training.
This could mean eating more amino-rich foods or adding a pure-amino supplement to their diet.
Amino acid supplementation is also critical for individuals who have brain swelling as a result of liver disease.
These individuals who are recovering from serious illness that has taken an enormous stressful toll on the body are prime candidates for added BCAAs to help their bodies recover.
When To Take A Supplement In Addition To Whole Food
Amino acids are found naturally occurring in high protein foods like meat, fish, chicken, whole grains, legumes, seeds, and dairy products.
Using supplementals as part of a training program can help the body to store more for use during exercise time when the need for an increase in muscle protein synthesis exists.
So no you don’t NEED supplements however they are a quick, easy and affordable way to ensure you’re reserves are topped up when you don’t have the time or $ to be preparing fresh whole food all the time.
Interestingly enough, BCAAs have also been used to treat anorexia, Parkinson’s, tardive dyskinesia, Huntington’s chorea, and Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Why Are They Called Branch Chains?
A branched chain amino acid means that there is a carbon atom in the middle with three or more additional carbon atoms added to it.
This cluster of carbon atoms causes branching to occur, much like tree branches in appearance, set-off from a main branch, which explains how these amino acids get their name. They look like branches. Got it? good.
BCAAs are essential amino acids, which means the individual must consume them—they are not made within the body. Hence this is a supplemental chemical, which can be done with either food, powders, pills or a combination of both.
Essential Acids Explained In Detail
Let’s take a closer look at the individual building blocks that work together in harmony to prevent catabolism and initiate muscle protein synthesis.
Leucine is metabolized through the fat in the body. Leucine dictates insulin performance. Because leucine is included, supplements can create more fat loss, muscle growth, and helps prevent diabetes.
Leucine acts as a signal to the body telling it to use more nutrients to build more protein but must be taken in proportion with the other two essential amino acids in this group.
Consider essential amino acids the “Three Musketeers” of muscle production, they work together for the best results.
BCAAs are best when used in combination of 2:1:1 of leucine, isoleucine, and valine. This is why you see a lot of 2:1:1 ingredient quantities on supplement labels.
Imbalance or change in this ratio can result in deficiency of isoleucine and valine. Leucine tells the cells to grow thereby making muscle cells grow larger and adding bulk to the athlete’s frame.
Isoleucine is metabolized through both the fat in the body and through carbohydrate digestion.
Biotin (Vitamin B7) or Vitamin H is necessary for the body to be able to metabolize isoleucine, so make sure you’re taking your multivitamins when supplementing!
Excess isoleucine converts to fat except when in the form of supplemental BCAA where it can be stored directly in the body for immediate use rather than the necessary conversion of fat to energy.
Isoleucine can be found in foods like turkey, chicken, lamb, eggs, soy protein, seaweed, and fish. Too little isoleucine (a severe deficiency) in the body can cause muscles to tremble.
Valine is also metabolized through carbohydrate digestion.. Valine has been used in the treatment of sickle-cell disease.
Too little valine in the body cause nerve damage and tremors as well. It completes the trifecta of essential acids that work together to get you yoked.
Blood Saturation & Absorption
BCAAs in supplement form are absorbed into the blood directly; it does not go through the digestive process as food when consumed. Therefore, in supplemental form, immediate use of the aminos are readily bio-available. Excess BCAA supplementation can be stored in the muscle for use during exercise.
Anti-Catabolic Effects of Supplementation During & Post Workout
Excess BCAAs consumed from food are converted into fat and unless the individual uses it during the next training session, that fat adds to body size, whereas with pure amino acid supplementation this problem does not exist.
In addition, if extra BCAAs are needed, the body will convert fat to energy during the exercise session resulting in body fat reduction.
If you are otherwise healthy, and not a high performance athlete, BCAAs may not be necessary in your diet. But since you’re looking to get jacked, you should probably pick some up.
Determining Optimal Dosage
BCAAs work best when taken before, during, and after training. For increased muscle growth, they can also be taken at other times throughout the day to “trickle feed” muscles.
Optimal dosage depends on the intensity of the training and the amount of muscle the athlete wants to add to his or her body.
BCAA dosage varies mostly according to weight. 150 pounds or less are recommended to take 10 grams daily. For individuals 151 pounds or more it’s recommended to take 15 grams. These dosages should be split throughout the day.
Popular suggestions are to take your aminos with breakfast, in between meals, and before bed. This way the body can absorb of what it needs for use during training. Other nutritionists recommend between three grams and 50 grams daily, so it depends on the intensity of the workout and other dietary factors.
There is no known maximum safe amount, as the body seems to be able to store safely excess amounts of supplemental BCAAs so have at it!
Top Supplements From Amazon and Bodybuilding.com
BCAAs in natural form are bad tasting. Manufacturers provide this supplement in powders that are pleasantly flavored, and include them in mixtures that have positive flavor enhancement.
Aminos also come in capsules and pills. Capsules and pills can take a long time to digest, so powder is generally preferred. In addition, the pills are much larger than other supplements and can be difficult to swallow.
A FEW BEST BCAA SUPPLEMENTS OF 2018 INCLUDE:
- Musclepharm Amino1
- Dymatize BCAA Complex 2200
- USPLabs Modern BCAA+
- BSN Amino X
- Gaspari Nutrition BCAA 6000
- Optimum BCAA 1000
- Optimum Nutrition PRO BCAA
- Optimum Nutrition Amino Energy (actually a pre-workout and our favorite)
- Cellucor COR-Performance Beta-BCAA
- Musclepharm BCAA 3:1:2
- BPI Sports Best BCAA
- Infinite Labs BCAA Caps
- Optimum BCAA 5000
OTHER NAME FOR BCAAS:
Acide Isovalérique de Leucine, Acides Aminés à Chaîne Ramifiée, Acides Aminés Ramifiés, Aminoacidos Con Cadenas Laterales Ramificadas, BCAA, BCAAs, Branched Chain Amino Acid Therapy, Branched Chain Amino Acids, Isoleucine, Isoleucine Ethyl Ester HCl, Leucine, Leucine Ethyl Ester HCl, Leucine Isovaleric Acid, Leucine Methyl Ester HCl, L-Isoleucine, L-Leucine, L-Leucine Pyroglutamate, L-Valine, N-Acetyl Leucine, N-Acétyl Leucine, Valine, 2-amino-3-methylvaleric acid, 2-amino-4-methylvaleric acid, 2-amino-3-methylbutanoic acid.
Last update on 2018-08-18 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API